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Les supports utilisés pendant les débats sont en ligne
Les supports diffusés lors des débats du colloque Festudy sont maintenant disponibles en ligne.
Les documents sont accessibles en téléchargement libre sur cette rubrique.
Vous y trouverez des informations sur chaque intervenant par table ronde, ainsi que des chiffres clés et de nombreuses informations concernant les thèmes abordés lors des débats.
FESTUDY 2011-2013: A European-wide scientific study
This scientific research project on music festivals of Europe (encompassing all aesthetics) aims to create shared knowledge of festival policies as well as their management and integration in regional development projects.
By adopting an interdisciplinary and comparative approach, the international research team, experts in festivals and cultural policy, drew on a network of institutional partners (festival federations, national and regional authorities as well as festivals).
Objectives of knowledge for action
This project marks a definite step regarding the state of available information. It goes beyond the actual gathering of information produced in the different contexts, to offer an unique method of collection, treatment and analysis of data. Its objectives being therefore to provide quantitative and qualitative guidelines on the following four major themes :
The variety of contexts in which European festivals develop. Here we need to compare :
- national and intra‐national public policies,
- intensity of support and criteria of support to festivals,
- position of public and private partnerships,
- main current tendencies regarding this subject.
It is also necessary to scope the main national traditions in progress in order to identify particular convergent tendencies in terms of public and private support of European festivals.
The activity of the festivals in their diversity of genre, territorial installation, date of events. In this case, we compare the festivals practices in terms of :
- Audience development
- Pricing and practice of free‐entry
- Duration and number of representations
- Type of programme
- Pedagogical animation artistic training
- Nature and level of artistic employment
- Nature and level of cultural employment
- Financing structure (spending, revenues)
Regarding these different points, it is also important to understand the current trends in festival activities in order to confirm or invalidate the idea of a convergent festival development on a European scale.
The spinoff effects of the festivals on art, culture and employment. Here we need to compare the festivals contributions to European artistic and cultural life, in its diversity of genres, of national and subnational culture. Emphasis will be put on the following points :
- Nature and level of artistic employment
- Nature and level of cultural employment
- Nature of skills and qualities required for the different positions of responsibility within festivals.
- Relationship between genders (men/women) in the different positions of responsibility within festivals.
For this third part, we concentrate on professional culture and festival management. By interviewing managers on the principles of recent trends, we can check the existence ofdifferent styles of festival management and therefore reveal dimensions for which we can talk about convergence.
Networking Europe: Festival programmes et cooperations. Here we wanted to measure the degree of cooperation existing at several levels, including that of festival organisations and that which we can see on examining the artistic programmes of events and thus measure artistic movement in Europe. We will look at the following points :
- Cooperations between festivals within individual countries.
- Cooperations between festivals in different countries.
- Federations and festival networks.
- European festival ‘models’ in terms of genre and criteria (management, spin‐off effects, creativity, International influence).
In this last section, we directly question ‘Europe’ as a common ground, from existing cooperation networks (intra‐national and international), types of cooperation in operation (from informal exchanges to artistic coproductions) and the evolution of programme content
Integrated research method
The scientific team used four research instruments :
- A national summary report by each country-team
- Distribution of an identical questionnaire to a representative sample of musical festivals within the participant countries
- Organisation of scientific seminars
- Publication of the conference proceedings andthe research results
A global look at the sample
Belgium: 70 festivals
Spain : 97 festivals
Finland : 20 festivals
France : 92 festivals
Ireland: 21 festivals
Norway : 10 festivals
Quebec : 44 festivals
Sweden : 23 festivals
Switzerland : 7 festivals
+ a dozen fesivals from other countries (Bulgaria, Denmark, Iceland, Poland, etc.)
Total European participants : almost 400 festivals
Expected results and advantages
C. EXPECTED RESULTS AND ADVANTAGES
The project’s latest step consists of moving on from exchanges between experts and the policies of different Union countries to a unique system of producing information. The added value from a European point of view corresponds to four levels of expected advantages.
- for the nationals associations and EFA
- Have an updatable common base of a symbolic sector of cultural Europe ;
- measure converging tendencies in festival practices (management, financing, programming, cultural action, artistic mobility) ;
- verify how festivals could become a tool for building a European space (circulation of artists and works, cooperation between levels and territories ; construction of a European artistic market, intercultural and interartistic dialogue) ;
- Give arguments to EFA in order to have an influence on the Commission on the basis of a new support policy for European festival activities. This ressource follows the same direction as other initiatives supported by the Culture programme, concerning for example, European Capitals of Culture.
- for national and regional authorities
- add International comparative data to their observation cells;
- compare festival data with that of other performing arts;
- identify good practice and help develop their public policies ;
- re-think multi-level partnerships (regions/nations/Europe).
- for Festival federations
- draw elements of observation from the research ;
- have a stabilised comparative base of the main indicators ;
- Devise new collective actions based on the data ;
- Lean on the authorities in the orientation of their policies.
- for each festival
- Find their way in the European ensemble of reference ;
- Obtain knowledge of festival good practices (management, public policies, etc.)
- Discover nearby festivals (context, objectives, indicators…) ;
- Use the comparative data in order to influence public and private decision makers.
As we have not the European financial support, we are forced to reconsider the financial conditions taking back the budgetary hypothesis 2 delivered in September 2010 (funds without Commission’s support). It is all about a work hypothesis which have to be considered again according to the number of countries and the methods to implement.
Each association is free to keep going on or not with the project execution. Global costs in relation with national research teams and missions fees for the two work seminars organized as part of the study are to be taken in charge by the associations.
The year 2011 is kept as a reference basis of the study.
The schedule study remains the same.
A symposium will be set up soon in Paris or Brussels.
Each countries which would like to keep going on with this project would have to be present to the symposiums with their partner (researcher and national association).
Each national association willing to keep going on with this project will have to confirm its involvement before April, 25th 2011.
14th-15th June 2011 Work seminar in Paris
-Definition of the questionnaire
-Definition of the festivals samples
September – December 2011 Datas collection in each countries
November 2011 Researchers meeting
January – February 2012 Aggregation of the collected datas
February 2012 in Dublin Work meeting with a presentation of a first analysis
Mars-September 2012 Analysis of the data base
May 2012 in Bergen First results
September- December 2012 Study redaction (Scientific committee with national researchers)
December 2012 Study release
Winter 2012/2013 Symposium if funding is found
Methods of funding
Here are the new achievement study terms (c.f estimated budget of the study)
- Each national association take in charge :
- Research costs resulting from national datas collection according terms to define between researchers and national association. Researchers have to commit to follow the methodology given by the Scientific committee and to produce the datas as presented in the researcher vademecum.
- The questionnaire translation in the national language will be on the charge of national associations. The texts released by each countries will be written in English or in French.
- Missions fees of the 2 or 3 planned work seminars (transport, accommodation and food)
- A reduced financial contribution will be given by each national association for the funding of the coordination costs : 5 000€ for each national association (to share on 2012/2013). These amounts will be used to finance secretary fees as well as the fees coming from scientific treatment of datas on European level.
- A search for further funds is to engage for the leading of the study.
- Further research funds are to be found from a minimum level of 15-20 000€
Payment terms of the 5 000€
France Festivals propose to take responsability for the coordination of all the study.
It is planned that each national association will have to sign a contract which describes the project and set the financial